You’re a homeowner and determined your home’s roof needs fixing or needs to be improved with a replacement roof. You’re all set to get moving. What’s the optimal way to get a high quality roofer who will accomplish a good job? What could you look for in a roof contractor or contractor to obtain this work? Garden City
When homeowners choose to repair a roof or replace that roof with asphalt during the cold winter months, they’re often plagued by worries that their family will freeze before the job is completed. In the same vein, those starting a roofing job in the sweltering summer months worry that they’ll be facing heat stroke. These concerns are perfectly normal and common among many homeowners looking for roofing fixes or roof replacement contractors.
Garden CityAccording to East Tennessee SKYWARN, "Hail is a form of precipitation that occurs at the beginning of thunderstorms. They consist of near spherical pellets of ice and snow, usually combined in alternating layers."By this definition alone, you can already imagine what potential damage hail can do to your home, specifically your roof. And, if hail can damage your roof, just think how it can damage your vehicle. In fact, big hailstones that fall with force have been known to cause fatal harm to humans and animals.Scientists have been trying to reduce the destructiveness of hail by injecting large quantities of silver iodide into a thunderstorm. They are trying to overseed storm clouds so that smaller hailstones will form. This will prevent them from developing into large hailstones. But as of this date, results remain inconclusive.What damage can hail do to your roof? Hail damage on vehicles can easily be seen but the damage that hail does to your roof will not be as obvious. Hail damage results in a random pattern of strike marks in different sizes. You may find dents, cracks or bare asphalt (if you have asphalt shingles on your roof). Additional signs of hail damage to an asphalt roof could be: granules that have settled at the base of your downspouts, metal air vents that have significant damage and damaged and dented siding or gutters.Generally, hail has to be at least 1 and 1/4 inches in diameter before it can cause damage to wood shake shingles or heavy composite shingles. Hail that is 1 inch in diameter may damage lightweight composite shingles. However, if you have deteriorated composite shingles on your roof, hail that is less than 1 inch in diameter can easily cause damage. What do I do if my roof has been damaged by hail? Most hailstorm damages are cosmetic and won't have any adverse effects on your roof. However, moderately severe hail damage that strips shingle of their coatings may affect the longevity of your roof and this may qualify for repairs covered by your insurance. If the damage will cause leaks, exposed areas should be covered with tarps held in place with wood strips and nails. When you can access the roof, you should permanently repair the sheathing and replace missing and damaged tiles, shingles or shakes.Are there available hail-proof roofs in the market? There are hail-resistant roofs but to this day, you cannot find any hail-proof roofs in the market. These hail-resistant roofs have Class 1 through Class 4 hail-resistance ratings, 1 being the lowest and 4 the highest. These roofs are rated based on test results done by The American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM). A steel ball is dropped from a predetermined height and the damage that the roof sustains is then measured.There are several roofs that carry this rating but the most likely to endure hail with minimal or no damage would be concrete tile, composite shingles and metal roofs. When you purchase a roof be sure to check with the manufacturer to determine what hail rating is given to a particular product.What damage can hail do to your vehicle? If hail can damage your roof, then an exposed vehicle can sustain much damage. Dents will most likely be the most common problem. If your vehicle will be exposed to large hailstones however, there is a probability that you might end up with broken windows and/or a broken windshield. The good news is, with your vehicle, you can take preventive measures so that it will not be damaged by hail.What can you do to prevent your vehicle from being damaged by hail? When hail is in the weather forecast, put your car, boat or RV into a garage. If you have no choice but to leave your vehicle outside, cover parts of the vehicle that is most susceptible to hail damage, with thick blankets. These would be the roof, hood, trunk, windows and windshield.In cases where you are suddenly caught in the middle of a hailstorm while driving your car, seek cover in a covered parking lot or garage. Another option would be to go under an overpass or any place with an awning. If you are on a long stretch of road with no cover in sight, pull off the highway, park at the side of the road and just wait it out.What do I do if my vehicle has been damaged by hail? Contact your insurance company and report the damage immediately. Find out if your insurance has a preferred body shop that can do the necessary repair to your vehicle. If you want to choose the repair shop yourself, make sure that you will have your vehicle serviced by a reputable facility. Make sure that you discuss with your insurance company and your body shop, what kind of repair should be done to your vehicle. Ask how long the repair will take. But if several vehicles were damaged in your area during the hailstorm, do not expect the repairs to be finished immediately. After repairs are made, make sure that everything was done to your satisfaction. Check for remaining dents and scratches before taking your vehicle back home. Before having your vehicle repaired, you must check if the repair shop guarantees its work. Make sure that you get the guarantee and contact information in writing. If you find any flaws in the repair, you should be able to bring it back to them at no additional cost.Hailstorms are part of nature. While most parts of the world may not experience this kind of weather, those who live in the middle latitudes are not so fortunate. If you are one of those people and have no choice but to live with it, just do the best you can to protect your roof and your vehicle by following the simple steps mentioned earlier.
Flat Roofs and Hail DamageA roof shingles estimate helps us to estimate the number of shingles to order when laying a new roof. Either a professional roofing estimator or a contractor will let you know the number and quantity of roofing shingles that you need for a given job after taking relevant measurements of your roof. There are several methods to do this. Here we will explore the more common methods.First, let's understand how the shingles are packaged and sold. Shingles are sold in bundles. For example take the 3-tab shingles packed in bundles. Three of these bundles will generally cover one roofing square. Roofing Square is the term used in roofing industry to denote 100 square feet. The shingles are packaged in plastic or paper and can easily be transported by one person. The shingles that weigh more may be packed with less shingles per roofing square. So, you will need more bundles per roof square. The roof shingles estimate will help us to find out how many of the shingles or bundles you need to cover the roofing area. You could use two methods to do this. The measurement method is one and the other is the sheet-count method. In the measurement method either you or someone else has to climb the roof and measure every plane where the roofing shingles will go. Suppose you have a rectangular roof then it is easy to measure the length and width and just multiply both to get the required area.For sloping roofs and other shapes it is a little more difficult to arrive at the area in straightforward way. You need to adopt indirect estimation methods. First measure the floor area making suitable provision for overhang. Next, for slopes you have different area multipliers. These numbers when multiplied with the floor area gives an estimate of the roofing area. There are 3 different slope multipliers depending on whether your roof is low, medium or a steep roof.The sheet count method on the other hand uses a simpler technique than actual roof measurement. It uses sheet panels which are of standard 4 * 8 measures. The roof is simply sheathed with these sheets and then you count the number of sheets needed to cover the roof. In some parts of the roof the panels will have to be cut to accommodate the shape of the roof. To arrive at the roof area, add up the full panels and what's remaining after the cuts on the remaining panels. This is much quicker and simpler method to arrive at the area of an irregular roof. Also, with the sheet method, all you have to do count the number of panels and you can order the bundles of shingles based on that number of panels. This is a simple and easy way to arrive at the area. It may be a crude method but is very effective and fast.Another method that has been frequently used and works for homes with old roofs is to simply count the number of shingles on your roof. Just count the number of rows from eaves to ridge. Also, count the number of tabs from edges to eaves. Each tab is one foot in length. The exposed area of each course is 5 inches. Multiplying the numbers gives you the area of shingles needed.